Menopause, Nutrition & Lifestyle

The Crucial Role of Magnesium and Calcium in Managing Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

by Nikki Warren on Jun 04, 2024

Magnesium Calcium PMS

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) affects millions of women worldwide, manifesting through a variety of symptoms that can significantly impact quality of life.


While there are numerous approaches to managing PMS, dietary and supplemental interventions—particularly the intake of specific minerals like magnesium and calcium—have shown promising results in alleviating these symptoms. This blog explores how these essential minerals contribute to reducing the physical and emotional symptoms associated with PMS.



Understanding PMS:

PMS encompasses a wide range of symptoms that occur in the one to two weeks before a woman’s period. These can include bloating, muscle aches, mood swings, and food cravings. The exact cause of PMS is not fully understood, but it's believed to involve changes in hormone levels and brain chemistry.



The Role of Magnesium in PMS:

Muscle Relaxation and Neurological Function:

Magnesium plays a crucial role in muscle relaxation, which can help alleviate cramps, one of the most common complaints of PMS. It aids in the proper function of nerves and muscles by regulating neurotransmitters, which send messages throughout the brain and nervous system.


Stress and Mood Regulation:

This mineral is also vital in the body’s response to stress. It participates in the synthesis of serotonin production; a neurotransmitter that promotes well-being and happiness. Adequate levels of magnesium can improve mood and reduce symptoms of mild anxiety, often seen with PMS.


Sleep Quality:

Magnesium has a calming effect on the nervous system, making it easier to achieve restful sleep—a challenge during the PMS phase. Better sleep can mitigate many PMS symptoms, such as irritability and fatigue.


Sources of Magnesium:

To increase magnesium intake, include more dark leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and whole grains in your diet. Magnesium supplements can also be beneficial, especially in the form of magnesium glycinate or citrate, which are well absorbed and gentle on the stomach.


Powdered forms of supplements are often much better absorbed by people. Taking many tablets every day can be uncomfortable and people often find it hard to maintain the right dosage. Aside from being more comfortable to take, powdered forms of magnesium and calcium together can help you achieve the therapeutic dose a lot more easily.



The Role of Calcium in PMS:

Regulation of Muscle Contraction:

Calcium plays a key role in muscle contractions and is involved in neurotransmitter release from neurons. Adequate calcium levels can help reduce muscle cramps and aches.


Mood Enhancement:

Studies have indicated that calcium can help reduce the symptoms of depression and mood swings associated with PMS. This is thought to be due to its role in hormone regulation and neurotransmitter function.


Water Retention:

Calcium has been shown to help reduce water retention, a common symptom of PMS that contributes to bloating and swelling, which is frustrating and uncomfortable for sufferers.


Sources of Calcium:

Dairy products are well-known sources of calcium, but for those who are lactose intolerant or vegan, alternatives include fortified plant milks, leafy greens, and calcium-set tofu. Calcium supplements can also be an option, particularly in the form of calcium citrate, which is easily absorbed by the body. Powdered supplements that are pleasant tasting are the best option for absorbability.



Implementing Magnesium and Calcium into Your Diet:

Here’s how you can ensure adequate intake of these minerals, through your food.


By increasing the intake of magnesium and calcium, many women report a significant reduction in their PMS symptoms. From decreased severity of cramps and reduced bloating to better mood and enhanced energy levels, the potential benefits of these minerals are substantial. Supplementation is often a great option as if is often difficult to achieve therapeutic levels from diet alone.


Magnesium and calcium are more than just supplements; they are part of a holistic approach to managing PMS. By understanding the effects these minerals have on your body and integrating them into your daily diet, you can potentially ease the monthly challenges of PMS.


Read our article on how to reduce PMS naturally for Nikki's tips and tricks on how to manage PMS with diet and supplements.

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